The Ayvalık Region was studied by Beksaç in his survey of the Prehistoric and Protohistoric settlements on the Southern Side of the Gulf of Adramytteion (Edremit). The survey showed different settlements near the centre of Ayvalık which appear generally to relate to the Early Classical Periods . However, some settlements near the centre of Altınova were related to the Prehistoric Period, especially the Bronze and Iron Ages. Kortukaya, identified by Beksaç in his survey project in the 1990s and early 2000s, aids understanding of the interaction between the peoples of the interior and of the coast. Kortukaya is one of the most important settlements, along with another settlement, Yeni Yeldeğirmeni, near the centre of Altınova.
Traces of a hillfort were identified by Beksaç on Çıplak Island or Chalkys. Some Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age Pottery fragments related to the Aeolians were found on the same island. Two tiny settlements, near the centre of Ayvalık, were settlements in the Peraia of Mytilene.
Pordoselene, near the centre of Ayvalık, was also an important settlement in Antiquity. The remnants were on the eastern part of Cunda Island, near the sea. All the archaeological data was related to the Classical and Medieval Ages.
The constant threat posed by piracy in the region during the previous ages did not allow the islet settlements to grow larger and only Cunda Island (alternatively known as Alibey Island, known among the Greeks as Moschonisia, literally “The Perfumed Island”) could maintain a higher level of habitation as it is the largest and the closest islet to the mainland.
After the Byzantine period, the region came under the rule of the Anatolian beylik of Karasi in the 13th century and was later annexed to the territory of the Ottoman beylik (principality), which was to become the Ottoman Empire in the following centuries. The locals contributed with their economies to the Greek struggle for independence, including the famous Psorokostaina.
In 1821, following riots, the male population was massacred, and women and children were sent into slavery. As reported by the them British Ambassador Lord Strangford, Osman Pasha, having accepted the submission of the Aivaliotes, carried his indulgence so far as to permit them to retain their arms – that matters remained perfectly tranquil in the town, till the sudden appearance in the offing, of a large squadron of the Greek insurgents, induced the inhabitants to hope that it had come to their succor, and that they might make another attempt at revolt with better success. They accordingly rose en masse, and butchered about fifteen hundred Turks. But the squadron (the appearance of which in the bay had been merely accidental) having in the meantime sailed away, the Turks recovered their courage, and an indiscriminate massacre of the Greeks.
CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION
1.- Please, send this application form back by email with minimum 6 digital pictures and a short description of your group and videos or links and descriptions of your performances.
2.- The Groups will stay at hotel three stars. The number of participants are not limited.
3.- Participants age are not limited.
4.- The groups are requested to arrive in Ayvalık on 23 JUNE 2019 – 12:00 and depart on 27 JUNE 2019 – 12:00, after breakfast.
5.- Gifts provide for each person is an attendance certificate.
6.- Each group should bring flags of their countries with them.
7.- We will prefer for dance groups with live music but recorded music also acceptable.
8.- Pocket money will not be paid to the groups by Festival Committee. 100 Lt. Diesel will given for these activities to each bus. (If groups came by bus)
9.- The groups will prepare 5-10 minutes programs. All groups have to prepare minimum 2 different performances.
10.- The festival fee is 4 nights 5 days 130 euro per person. 5 night 6 days 160 Euro.It covers organizational expenses, accommodation in a Hotel for 4 nights with 3 meals per day. ( Open buffet breakfast, Lunch and dinner. (Free non alcohol drink ) On every 25 participants one member is free of charge. For double rooms there is a supplement of 5 € per person per day, for single room 15 € per person per day.
PAYMENT: As confirmation of its participation in the festival, a group pays in advance 1000 € (which is not reimbursable in case of declination of participation). The rest of the amount is to be paid 15 days before the festival or at the group’s arrival to the hotel, according to the agreement Last application and deposit 15.04.2019
11.- Contact persons of Festival Committee ;
We request a book showing your country’s Folk Dance clothes and a local big doll model of your country symbol.